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Welcome! I am mariamoya1. I am a nice person. Here is homepage for this wiki. Here is a site I like to go in my free time. www.hotmail.com (not advanced with technology).


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Maria Moya
November 27, 2012
ENG100-15
Brian Ganter


Effectiveness of Technology Integration


Introduction


Technology is certainly expanding at a vast rate. It greatly influences the way we work, how we spend our leisure time, how we interact, and most importantly-- how we learn. Shortly after the internet was commercialized in the 1990's, technology was immediately integrated into classrooms. Significantly, many students today have grown up in a digital decade where they have constant exposure to a variety of media that is impacting the way they interact and use information everyday. Computers and information technologies revolutionized practically every aspect of our daily lives, such as how we order and ship goods and services, how and where we get our news, and how we communicate. So what defines good learning? It is impossible to give a brief answer. It is likely that many university professors (or teachers in general) would say that good learning is defined by listening to lectures, taking good notes, and being attentive or involved in class discussion. But does it necessarily have a positive impact in a student's educational lifestyle? It's reasonable to say that technology should also help lead the way to improve both teaching and learning in schools. From the common face-to-face teaching styles to online databases, students are given ample opportunities to search information instantly and more conveniently to their discretion. The National Alliance of Business suggests that emerging technologies have the potential to actually enhance the development of new knowledge by allowing access to additional information online (2002). Although technology appears to be an advancement in human knowledge, it is also seen to be a major setback to many university educators. Even though technology may not always show a significant positive effect on a students' grade, a class lesson taught could also be engaged in further details through websites, online journals, and many different online resources. Although technology is an unnecessary tool in the classroom curriculum, it can also be an effective one. Technology can be very well implemented to enhance teaching, learning, and achievement.


Technology in our Classrooms


There is a universal belief that applications of technology takes part in eliminating educational preferences. Technology should be a tool used to help professors meet educational needs of their students. Johnson and Wetmore sees technology as a way of providing endless opportunities to enhance educational experiences, expand academic opportunities, and develop critical employment skills (2009). On the other hand, simply providing access to a cyberspace of information doesn't necessarily imply that all teachers or students will make use of it. Therefore technology in an educational lifestyle doesn't ensure automatic results in improved achievement. The Bentons Foundation Communications Policy Program suggests that in order for technologies to gain good educational outcomes, five factors must be in place (2002). First, technology use must be attached to solid educational purposes only. Second, one must realize that real change in educational achievement takes time and effort to process, not just dependability on Internet information. Third, there should be adequate technology resources in the schools. Fourth, sustained development must take place in the service of the core vision, and not just around technology. Lastly, there should be an evaluation that enables professors to determine whether students are meeting their goals. Today, there is an increased availability of computers in schools, and while schools may have a sufficient amount of computers, they may not use them in ways to actually enhance learning. Dede states and reminds us in the article Transforming Education and Training through Advanced Technologies that the effectiveness of learning through technology doesn't depend on the sophistication of the technologies themselves, but the ways in which their capabilities aid users (2002).


"Canadian University Report gives McGill top grade for Campus Technology"
"Canadian University Report gives McGill top grade for Campus Technology"



Evaluating Evidence


There is known to be a worldly compliance that a major aspect of technology use in classrooms actually do improve teaching and learning and increase student achievement. On the other hand, there also seems to be another worldly compliance about the challenges of the reliability of evaluating the effectiveness of technology integration. Today, technology is a huge part of our education system, and it's a difficult task to separate the effects of technology from the effects of the factors that influence teaching and learning itself. "A critical element for the success of integration of technology inevitably falls upon the preparedness and skill level of those who employ it" (Johnson and Wetmore, 2009), such as the administrators and teachers themselves. Hart, Allensworth, Lauren and Gladden suggests in the article Educational Technology that once administrators provide students and teachers with the availability and access of technologies the in classrooms, essential reinforcements are needed to propel it's use forward (2002). Education Week: Technology's Answer to Testing reports that student achievement is often increased by the processes that teachers use to integrate technology into instruction (2003). Technology in schools may be best used in writing, in organizing, in doing research, and in analyzing information. Evaluating technological implementations associates with identifying educational objectives, specification of implemented goals, and designed strategies to create an effective learning environment. ‍But despite the over flowing amount of computers in schools nowadays, the evidence is mixed as to whether overall student achievement has increased or if the achievement gap has visibly narrowed as a result of technology use.
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Conclusion


In conclusion, the issues involved in evaluating the effectiveness of technology in education are complex. Although "the integration of technology into our classrooms can offer students an abundant variety of digital resources, technology integration also affects professors in ways of student achievement and educational goals" (Lessig, 2008). However, technology is an effective educational tool that is held accountable of enhancing all teaching, learning, and achievement-- if used for proper educational objectives. Even though there is no correct answer as to whether or not technology should be required in all classrooms, effective technology integration is achieved when the use of technology is transparent and supports curricular goals. Available evidence indicates that overall, technology implication has demonstrated positive but limited results towards a students educational achievement.



Works Cited



Benton Foundation Communications Policy Program. (2002). Great expectations: Leveraging America’s investment in educational technology. Washington, DC: Benton Foundation. 18 Nov. 2012. <__http://www.benton.org/publibrary/e-rate/greatexpectations.pdf__>


Dede, C. (2002). Vignettes about the future of learning technologies. In Visions 2020: Transforming education and training through advanced technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. 19 Nov. 2012.<__http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic603902.files/dede_handbook_v1.2.pdf__>


Education Week. (2003, May 8). Technology counts 2003: Pencils down—Technology’s answer to testing. Available 18 Nov. 2012. <__http://www.edweek.com/sreports/tc03__>


Hart, H. M., Allensworth, E., Lauen, D. L., & Gladden, R. M. (2002). Educational technology: Availability and use in Chicago’s public schools. Chicago: Consortium on Chicago School Research. 18 Nov. 2012. <__http://ccsr.uchicago.edu/publications/educational-technology-its-availability-and-use-chicagos-public-schools__>


Johnson, D.G., & Wetmore, J.M. Technology and society: Building our sociotechnical future. Cambridge Mass, 2009: MIT Press. 20 Nov. 2012.


Lessig, L. "In Defense of Piracy." The Wall Street Journal. October 11 2008: n. pag. Print. 20 Nov. 2012.


National Alliance of Business. (2002). Successful strategies: Technology in education. Washington, DC: National Alliance of Business. Washington, DC: Author. 18 Nov. 2012.<__http://www.bcer.org/projres/TEchnology%20in%20education3.pdf__>





Links


The Bentons Foundation Communications Policy Program

Transforming Education and Training through Advanced Technologies

Education Week: Technology's Answer to Testing

Educational Technology

National Alliance of Business